By Belle Tey, Agence France-Presse
Published: 18 Mar 2019 - 08:32 PM
The General Assembly discussed a plenary crisis. Adolf Hitler returned, seemingly rising from the dead. He had put forth an inexhaustive list of demands, of which included:
1) All countries must support the reunification of Germany
2)All countries that once used German forced labourers must stop at once and compensate Germany’s losses.
3)Former German territories are to be returned to Germany, and
4)All countries to support the end of all German war reparations to Jewish states
The representatives from each country have discussed how this situation should be dealt with, considering the devastation from World War II.
After World War II, in May 1945, the terms of the peace treaties came into effect on Germany. Germany was divided into four occupation zones, each helmed by the 4 major victors of the war - the USA, UK, France and the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Germans were also forced into labour in the Soviet Union, former Nazi-occupied zones in Eastern and Western Europe. Germany also lost territories, including areas in Farther Pomerania, Neumark, Upper Silesia and almost all of Lower Silesia. Germany was required to make war reparations to Greece, Israel and the Jewish population, the Netherlands, Poland, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. Lastly, the peace terms also included the dismantling of German industries and the German Armed Forces under the Morgenthau.
The return of Hitler came as a shock to many, and the representatives of the countries present failed to reach a consensus as to whether Hitler should be prosecuted. The discussion was split half-half, with one half adamant that Hitler should be charged and the other voting against it.
The USA underlined that, in order to bring peace to the world, Adolf Hitler should be arrested and charged as a war criminal. The USA felt that Hitler has brought about anti-semitic ideas, destabilising the world and Hitler has to be arrested so that the stability would return. Belgium seconded the USA’s push to prosecute Hitler out of fear for their own country’s safety as they anticipate an attack from Germany once she is reunified, just as what happened at the start of World War II. The UK further supported the opinions of these countries, adding that the actions of the Western Allies were justified, stating how the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was justified since it was for a humanitarian cause. Contrastingly, they added that Hitler’s actions are not justifiable since his intent was selfish and his attempt to expand Germany was selfish, not to mention how inhumane the means he used were. Uruguay agreed fully, but also pointed out that the issue should be dealt with cautiously. However, countries like Argentina disagreed.
Argentina’s rationale for disagreeing with the USA was that the peace terms imposed on Germany are too harsh and in addition to that, they believed that Hitler’s actions in the Holocaust were justified. Argentina pointed out that the USA is hypocritical for stating the Hitler is a war criminal, as the USA had also caused much devastation and took the lives of many when they dropped the bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Guatemala shared similar sentiments, adding that Hitler was only trying to help his people by eliminating the Jews. They stated that Hitler only did what he did for the good of his country and hence it is unfair to condemn him and charge him as a war criminal since his intention was only to protect his people. On the other hand, Guatemala criticised the USA for providing nuclear weapons which killed many civilians just so they could demonstrate the capabilities of their weapons. The USA deployed these weapons willingly, knowing the kind of destruction it would cause and for that, Guatemala strongly feels that Hitler should not be prosecuted as a war criminal and the attention should be turned towards the USA, who should pay for the war reparations instead of Germany.
Yugoslavia supported Argentina and Guatemala for similar reasons and West Germany is desperate for a reunification.
The assembly failed to reach a consensus and no course of action has been taken thus far. All the countries are remaining firm on their stance and no conclusion has been made on whether Hitler should be prosecuted as a war criminal.
Hitler-the man who defied death