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Nuclear Disarmament and Genocide

By Jay Yu , Channel NewsAsia

Published: 18 Mar 2019 - 07:18 AM

The possession of nuclear weapons automatically gives a country significant influence and power, any country with nuclear technology is a potential threat to global collective security and peace because of the catastrophic consequences and effects that accompany the usage of nuclear weaponry. This can be easily observed from the usage of the Atomic Bomb by the United States of America against Japan during World War ll, the first and only detonation of nuclear weaponry in an act of war. The United States of America released nuclear bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing immense suffering and a death toll of approximately 135,000 people. From this, it can be concluded that nuclear weaponry is more than capable of causing devastating consequences, such as a huge death toll, and even thermal radiation and other long-lasting impacts on the environment of the area. The impact of nuclear usage in the war was so great that the Japanese immediately surrendered after the bombings. This just serves to demonstrate the dominance that nuclear weapons provide in warfare. Therefore, nuclear disarmament is essential to heighten global peace and security. Nuclear disarmament will prevent incidents like the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings from recurring. This will promote world peace as the disarmament of nuclear weaponry will reduce tension and the possibility of nuclear warfare will be greatly reduced. People will not have to worry about being victims of nuclear attacks, and will not have to fear the possible consequences like radioactive fallout because of the elimination of the use of nuclear weaponry.

A civilian supporting the campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

A civilian supporting the campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

The ICJ will also be discussing the “Application of the Convention of the Prevention and Punishment of the Suspected Action on the Crime of Genocide in the Rohingya Crisis” Genocide is a highly traumatizing and disruptive act, and the ICJ must take actions to stop and punish genocide. The suspected acts of genocide against Rohingya Muslims by state forces in Myanmar is a pressing issue and involves crimes such as murder, torture, sexual slavery and enslavement. These crimes were found to be committed mainly by the military, the Tatmadaw. This is an outrageous act and must be halted immediately. The actions that the Tatmadaw took violates the rights that the Rohingya Muslims retain as human beings. The suspected acts of genocide by the Tatmadaw is outright wrong and inhuman. It will cause international uncertainty and disturbance, as

many people will be disturbed or traumatized by the act or even the concept of mass elimination. Genocide violates human rights and boundaries severely, ignoring the right to life and liberty and also freedom from torture and slavery. People will not accept such acts by the Tatmadaw as it simply violates the rights of the Rohingya Muslims, thus creating disturbances and uncertainty to the idea of genocide. Punishment of genocide is crucial as it serves as a deterrent to prevent similar cases in the future. All acts of genocide are considered illegal by the ICJ and must be punished. The suspected acts by the Tatmadaw must be prevented and punished promptly in order to stop the suffering of the Rohingya Muslims.