By Chloe Neo, Wall Street Journal
Published: 18 Mar 2019 - 07:16 AM
The core principles of social equality
The SOCHUM will be debating on the topics of Illegal Organ Trade and the Rights of the LGBT community, both of which are highly controversial topics in our world today as they are rarely discussed in most conservative countries.
The debate over low organ donation rates and a global shortage of organs available to meet the increasing demand for organ transplants is becoming more prevalent in developed countries. There is an increasing demand for organ transplants in the more developed countries due to longer life expectancy and diseases, resulting in illegal organ trade in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs), where the desperate poor are lured into illegal organ trafficking rings where they sell their organs without fully understanding the potential health risks.
Even though there is an increasing awareness of illegal organ trade around the world as it “violates the principles of equity, justice and respect for human dignity and should be prohibited”, international organ trade has become a prevalent health policy issue and has proved a difficult problem to combat as it happens more frequently in less developed countries, where it is harder for officials to track. It is illegal in every country except for Iran.
Another prominent topic being debated are the rights of the LGBT community. This increasingly open topic is gaining popularity in most countries as more people are coming out as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. Although 125 countries have halted laws against homosexual activities, another 75 countries have continued legal discrimination against members of the LGBT community due to religious beliefs and conservative cultures, forcing them to hide their true personalities in order to protect their reputation and in worse cases, their lives. Statements made by legislative supporters of the laws make clear that they aim to push back against recent gains toward LGBT equality and to dilute the rights of LGBT people. Sending a signal that the state governments enacting them accept and even embrace the dangerous and harmful notion of discrimination against LGBT people. Particularly in states that lack any underlying laws prohibiting discrimination against LGBT people, many of the laws are not “exemptions” so much as a license to discriminate.
Despite some countries, such as the USA, having freedom of expression and laws against violence, when LGBT communities are involved, these rights are often disregarded due to discriminatory laws being put in place, such as buggery. This causes people to forget that members of the LGBT community are still humans with equal rights as everyone else.
In spite of the rise of multiple petitions to abolish laws against the LGBT community, many countries are still strongly against and still remain closed to less conservative opinions and religious beliefs.