By Leong Jing Rou, TASS-Russian News Agency
Published: 18 Mar 2019 - 07:11 AM
The ICJ will be discussing the issue of ‘Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons’ which has been a serious topic of debate over the years regarding the concept of disarmament. The threat or use of nuclear weapons remains a concern to the international community to this day as it may result in catastrophic consequences to the world and a disruption to world peace. One example is the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan in 1945.
The concept of nuclear disarmament has been increasingly supported by the international community as seen from an evident increase in international agreements in the cause over decades. However, Russia still believes in the importance of nuclear deterrence.
Russia, along with the USA, is one of the few countries that have long-term programmes underway to replace and modernize their nuclear stockpiles. Under the 2011–20 programme, Russia’s intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) are undergoing considerable modernization. The focus on the modernization of nuclear deterrence spurred Russia on to improve its strategic force. Despite this, the disparity in warheads and platforms is still far from exceeding the limits set by the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) treaty.
The use of nuclear weapons has always been believed to be the potential cause of mass destruction and human suffering. Nuclear disarmament is crucial for global security and it means that there could be more protection against such dangers and prevention of loss of innocent lives. The rising threat of terrorism, unfortunately, has done much to undo the efforts put into enforcing nuclear disarmament due to a greater need for self-defence. With the mindset that peace should be established before nuclear disarmament can be entertained, should the use of nuclear weapons still be discouraged?
Crime of Genocide in Rohingya crisis to be prevented
The ICJ will also discuss the issue of ‘The Convention of the Prevention and Punishment of the suspected action on the crime of Genocide in the Rohingya crisis (Myanmar V. France)’. Genocide, the deliberate act of wiping out a national or ethnic group is a definite crime under international law. In recent years, France had suspected acts of Genocide against Rohingya Muslims by states forces in Myanmar and had called for action to be taken by the international community to bring justice to the Rohingyas.
Through military operations such as the 1978 Operation Nagamin, the Rohingyas were evicted from Myanmar, resulting in about 450,000 Rohingyas fleeing from the Rakhine state to Bangladesh, accompanied by acts such as murder, rape and sexual slavery. In 2005, the Population Control Regulation was implemented and Rohingya Muslims were forced to comply with the two-child limit. These examples showed how discrimination against the Rohingyas Muslims was taking place in Myanmar. There could be a possibility that Genocide was being carried out too.
One contributing factor to this situation is the discrimination and poverty the Rohingyas are suffering from. They feel inferior and often choose to suffer in silence because they know that no one will help them. However, their life hangs by a thread everyday while they try every possible way to change their fate.
Despite the fact that UN has brought up the case numerous times, Myanmar continues to ignore the fact that suspected genocide activities are taking place in the country.
However, it is a matter of life and death to the victims. Genocide is a severe violation of human rights. The Rohingyas victims of Genocide deserve to have justice brought to them. The punishment of the crime of Genocide should not be disregarded and the case must be seriously dealt with.