Today, as many as 300,000 children under the age of 18 serve in government forces or armed military groups. Some child soldiers are employed for fighting - to kill and commit other acts of violence, while others are used as cooks, porters, spies or for sexual purposes. In some cases, child recruitment occurs forcibly through means of kidnapping and coercion. However, certain countries also see children join the military voluntarily out of desperation due to conflict or poverty. The improved standard of living after joining the military may even influence other children facing similar predicaments to join the military voluntarily.
However, the persistence of child recruitment in armed forces has severe short and long-term ramifications on children such as the denial of education and threats to their physical and mental health. Hence, it is important to promote the rights and well-being of every child in multiple aspects and raise awareness about the necessity of preventing the exploitation of children.
Every year, millions of children are bought and sold with the intention of sexual exploitation, including Child Sex Tourism. Child Sex Tourism may be classified as a form of child sexual abuse and violence that causes long-lasting physical impacts on a child.
Although many countries have policies in place that protect children against sexual exploitation, no country is immune to Child Sex Tourism, and child protection needs to be prioritised urgently through multi-stakeholder and sectoral approaches. The lack of awareness on this issue, coupled with the silence about this offence has diluted the public’s perception of the severity of CST around the world.
(For this introduction, “they” is used as a singular pronoun.)
A year ago, Tay Yi Ting was a first-time delegate at the very event you are attending — RVMUN. They fell in love with MUN-ing ever since and hopes that you will too! With their love for colours and patterns, Yi Ting has upheld quite a reputation for dressing well as a delegate, which you unfortunately may not witness in this MUN. If this paragraph seems a bit too MUNdane for you (well, Uganda be kidding if you think so), let them tell you about themself, MUN-unrelated edition:
Do not be fooled by their petite stature as they love eating (yes to self-love). They also stand strongly for equality and inclusivity in the diverse world we live in. They would go on further but this study guide might then have to be published as a book instead, so you may follow-up on any topic/s of interest via note paper (just kidding, please focus during council haha you may speak to them during breaks).
They may seem unapproachable, but they fear and enjoy social interaction — it’s complicated (just like their non-existent relationships). Anyways, the point is, they are open to any and all points of information (in general, not just in MUN context). And needless to say, Yi Ting can very much be your grandparent — they are very long-winded — so they apologise in advance for being loquacious (and for making lame jokes along the way).
Valery is a JC2 student in River Valley High School. As an ambivert, she always finds herself struggling between constantly wanting to go out and have fun, and trying to avoid all human contact. With that being said, her interests range from travelling overseas and trekking through jungles with a group of friends, to sitting alone in a quiet café reading a book out of the captivating Harry Potter series while sipping on a cup of latte. This aspect of her personality has unfortunately caused many to think that she is unapproachable when she is actually easygoing with a laid-back personality (or so she believes)!
Over the past 5 years, Valery has had experienced several memorable encounters that led her to believe that miracles will happen if she gives as much energy to her dreams as she does to her fears and insecurities. Hence, she has decided to venture into RVMUN 2019. She hopes that her first chairing experience will be smooth-sailing and enjoyable, while her fellow co-chairs and delegates will be able to discover a part of themselves and have a fruitful time together.
Yoke Ting is a JC1 humanities student. Being a typical literature student, she enjoys reading and writing short stories and poetry. Her favourite books include The Handmaid’s Tale and Pride and Prejudice, and she has a real love for societal and dystopian novels. That being said, her aspiration currently, is to work for The New York Times in her adult years.
When she’s at home — or sometimes even in school — she binges and obsesses over dramas and chick flicks. Her favorite dramas include Gossip Girl, The Vampire Diaries, Gilmore Girls and Grey’s Anatomy. Unfortunately for some, she is not quite interested in K-Pop and is often left baffled and lost when her friends bring up K-dramas. Nevertheless, she pretends to get K-Pop when her friends are engaging in intense K-Pop discussions, when in reality, she’s thinking about her yet-to-be-caught-up-on dramas.
Yoke Ting started her MUN journey in 2018 as a Press Corps member at RVMUN’18. Through sitting in with the different councils during MUN, her interest for MUN was greatly sparked and she was fascinated by the exchange of perspectives and insights by delegates. She is very honored to be able to chair for RVMUN’19 and looks forward to witnessing the personal growth of delegates as well as her co-chairs!